# Introduction


ViteX, developed by Vite Labs, is the world's first decentralized exchange built on DAG technology.

ViteX Coin, VX, is the coin native to the ViteX platform. It is mined exclusively by the ViteX community and is used to allocate rewards back to the community.

VX holders can receive daily ViteX Dividends from a shared dividend pool which aggregates all trading fees accumulated by ViteX and redistributes back to VX holders.

See: VX One Page

# Highlights

  • Complete decentralization
    • On-chain order matching
    • Smart contract-enabled trading fee collection and dividend distribution
    • Listing a new trading pair only requires 10,000 VITE
  • Exchange run by the community
    • Anyone can become a ViteX Operator
    • ViteX Operators have the privilege to set trading fees, suspend trading and list new trading pairs
    • All Operator functionality are implemented in smart contract
  • Five means to mine platform token VX

# ViteX Coin (VX)

# VX Basics

  • Total Supply: 29,328,807.8
  • Smallest Denomination: 10^
  • Features: VX holders receive daily dividends from a shared dividend pool which aggregates the trading fees accumulated by ViteX and redistributes back to VX holders.
  • Distribution: VX has no pre-sale. The only way to get VX is through mining, in the following methods:
    • Trading as mining: Trade in designated BTC, ETH, VITE and USDT markets and receive VX rewards.
    • Staking as mining: Stake VITE to help ViteX obtain higher level operational quota and receive VX rewards.
    • Referring as mining: Generate a referral code to invite friends to join the ViteX platform and receive VX rewards.
      • Inviter will be rewarded with 5% of all invitees’ trading as mining proceeds and 2.5% of their market making as mining proceeds.
      • Invitees will enjoy 10% off platform trading fees, and receive an extra 2.5% of trading rewards and extra 1.25% of market-making rewards.
    • Market-making as mining: Help improve order book depth by placing buy and sell orders and receive VX rewards.
    • Listing as mining: Become a ViteX operator and list trading pairs to collect user transactions fees and receive VX rewards.
  • Release Schedule: All VX will be released over the course of 8 years and 3 months.

# VX Distribution Schedule

The total supply of VX is 29,328,807.8 with no inflation, which will be fully distributed in two phases.

  • Phase 1: Buffer phase that has ended on December 6, 2019. A fixed amount of 10,000 VX was released daily.

  • Phase 2: Standard Phase. In this phase, VX will be released according to below schedule:

    • Sub-phase 1: Starting at 10,000 from December 7, 2019, daily release will increase for 90 days at a fixed rate of 1.80435%, until reaching 50,000 on March 6, 2020
    • Sub-phase 2: Starting from March 7, 2020, at a daily decrease rate of 0.189724%, annual release will decrease by half each year until fully distributed after 8 years.

# Mining Allocation

The release of VX will be allocated daily as the breakdown below:

  • Trading, Referring and Listing: 60%
    • BTC market: 15%
    • ETH market: 15%
    • VITE market: 15%
    • USDT market: 15%
  • Staking: 20%
  • Market-making: 10%
  • Team: 10%

# VX Holder Dividends

All trading fees charged by the ViteX platform will be put into a shared dividend pool and distributed at a rate of 1% daily. For any given day, the fees collected of the day will be distributed completely in the next 100 days.

To receive your dividends:

  • A minimum of 10 VX must be staked in the exchange account. Please note that VX held in a wallet or exchange account will not make you eligible for dividends;
  • Participant is entitled to receive dividends starting with the next distribution immediately after submission of staking request;
  • Staked VX will be released after the 7-day (7 complete cycles) waiting period once retrieved. No dividend will be received during this waiting period. Users can enable automatic staking. Mined VX will be automatically staked once enabled, purchased VX is not subject to this function.


Trading fees charged by operator (Operator Fee) are excluded from dividends.

Starting from December 8, 2019, base fee collected in VITE are not sent to dividend pool but will be destroyed. The cumulative VITE in the dividend pool were destroyed too.

# Mining Details

# Trading as Mining

Mines approximately 60% of daily released VX. Currently, users are able to trade in four markets: BTC, ETH, VITE and USDT and receive VX rewards accordingly.

  • Allocation: Each market receives 15% of daily distributed VX.
  • How to participate: By fulfilling orders on eligible trading pairs, you mined VX.
  • Mining calculation: The calculation is based on the proportion of your cumulative trading fee to the total trading fees collected in the associated market. For example, for a given day, if a trader contributed 5% of the total trading fee of BTC market, the trader will receive 5% of the 15% of VX applied to the market.

# Staking as Mining

By staking VITE to help ViteX obtain operational quota, users receive VX rewards.

  • Allocation: 20% of daily released VX
  • How to participate: Stake VITE in ViteX exchange.
    • Staking amount: The minimum amount is 134 VITE. No maximum cap.
    • Staking duration: Stakes can be retrieved after 3 days. There is no maximum number of days for staking VITE. There will be a retrieving period of 7 days, and stakes will not be counted towards staking as mining rewards during this period.
  • Mining calculation : The calculation is based on the proportion of VITE staked by you to the total staking amount.

# Market-making as Mining

Mines 10% of daily released VX; BTC market at 5%, ETH and VITE market equally at 1.5%, USDT market at 2%.

Placing orders on ViteX can also earn VX. The amount of VX earned depends on three factors: 1) the amount of order, 2) the amount of time your order remains on the order book, and 3) the amount of deviation from the best bid and best offer in the order book spread.

  • Allocation: 10% of daily released VX
    • BTC market 5%
    • ETH market 1.5%
    • VITE market 1.5%
    • USDT market 2%
  • How to participate: Place orders in the order book
    • Only eligible trading pairs will be considered for market-making as mining;
    • Both buy and sell orders are considered for market-making as mining rewards;
    • Orders must not deviate from the designated mining range in the order book.

The VX mining reward for market-making has a linear relationship with the order amount and order duration (i.e. amount of time the pending order stays on the order book). However, the mining reward has an exponential relationship with the order distance (i.e. the deviation from the best bid offer). For example, if Alice and Bob both place two separate orders for the same amount of token X. Both orders remain on the order book for the same amount of time. However, Alice prices her order at distance of 1% (i.e., very close to the best bid offer) and Bob prices his order at distance of 10% (i.e. further away from the best bid offer), the mining reward for Alice will be 63 times that of Bob's. This system is designed to incentive users to place orders as close to the best bid offer as possible.

  • Mining calculation:

    • Mining interval (MINTM_{INT}) and mining threshold (THTH): Buy orders that are set within mining threshold from the best buy offer in the order book will be considered for mining rewards. For most of trading pairs the mining threshold is 10%, however, different mining thresholds are also allowed. For threshold table please refer to: Mining Thresholds.

      TH=10%TH = 10\%

      MINT=[BestBuyOrder(1TH),BestBuyOrder)M_{INT} = [{Best Buy Order} * (1-TH), {Best Buy Order})

    • Buy cap (BmaxB_{max}): The maximum ratio of VX eligible being mined by one buy order to best sell order. The value varies among different markets.

    • Sell cap (SmaxS_{max}): The maximum ratio of VX eligible being mined by one sell order to best buy order. The value varies among different markets.

    • Order duration (TT): A buy order must stay pending on the mining level for at least 300 seconds. Orders placed for less than 300 seconds will not be considered for the mining reward.

    • Total amount of buy orders (AbuyA_{buy}): The sum of unfilled amount of all buy orders in the mining interval for one trading pair

    • Total amount of sell orders (AsellA_{sell}): The sum of unfilled amount of all sell orders in the mining interval for one trading pair

    • Actual pending order amount (β\beta): The unfilled amount of a user's pending order within a certain time range

    • Valid pending order amount (aa): The unfilled amount of a user's pending order within a certain time range valid for mining VX. The value is related to BmaxB_{max}, SmaxS_{max}, AbuyA_{buy} and AsellA_{sell}.

    If the order is a buy order:

    • If AsellA_{sell} > AbuyA_{buy}, a=βa= \beta

    • If AsellA_{sell} <= A_

      • When Bmax<AbuyAsellB_{max} < \frac{A_{buy}}{A_{sell}}, a=βBmaxAbuyAsella = \frac{\beta B_{max}}{\frac{A_{buy}}{A_{sell}}}

      • When Bmax>=AbuyAsellB_{max} >= \frac{A_{buy}}{A_{sell}}, a=βa = \beta

    If the order is a sell order:

    • If AsellA_{sell} > A_

      • When Smax<AsellAbuyS_{max} < \frac{A_{sell}}{A_{buy}}, a=βSmaxAsellAbuya = \frac{\beta S_{max}}{\frac{A_{sell}}{A_{buy}}}

      • When Smax>=AsellAbuyS_{max} >= \frac{A_{sell}}{A_{buy}}, a=βa = \beta

    • If AsellA_{sell} <= AbuyA_{buy}, a=βa= \beta

    • Order distance (dd): The amount of deviation from the user's buy order to the best buy offer.

      d = \frac {Best Buy Order - User Order}

      If the percentage deviation is greater than threshold (THTH), the order will not be considered for mining rewards. If the deviation is less than threshold (THTH), the g value will be:

      • Unchanged order time (tt): refers to the amount of time a buy order sits in the order book with a set amount (aa) at a given distance (dd). This value is different from the order duration (TT) mentioned above. The latter is the cumulative time of the pending order.

        T=t1+t2+t3+...+tnT = t_1 + t_2 + t_3 + ... + t_n

        For example, Alice placed an order to buy 500 token X at price of $10 at 10:00:00.

        At 10:01:00, the order was 50% filled and the remaining order amount is 250. For this partial fill, the pending order amount, a1=500a_1 = 500.

        At 10:05:00, the order was completely filled. For this transaction, the pending order amount, a2=250a_2 = 250.

        Assuming that order distance (dd) has not changed between 10:00:00 to 10:05:00, the unchanged order time for Alice is:

        • 10:00:00 ~ 10:01:00, t1t_1 = 60 seconds
        • 10:01:00 ~ 10:05:00, t2t_2 = 240 seconds

        Following this, the order duration, T, would be $T = t_1 + t_2 = 60 + 240 = 300

      • Market-making points (mm): this variable is calculated using unchanged order time (tt), pending order amount (aa) and order distance (dd)

        m = t * a * 0.6^{1+\frac{9}{TH} * d} \ | \ \

      • MM: The sum of market-making points from all eligible orders for the user within the market on a given day.

        M=m1+m2+m3+...+mnM = m_1+ m_2 + m_3 + ... + m_n

        Returning to Alice's example, her M value would be calculated as follows:

        Assume the best buy order is $11 and remains at $11 for the duration of Alice's order:

        d=111011=0.1d = \left \lceil \frac {11 - 10} {11} \right \rceil = 0.1

        M=t1a10.61+9d1TH+t2a20.61+9d2THM = t_1 * a_1 * 0.6^{1+\frac{9d_1}{TH}} + t_2 * a_2 * 0.6^{1+\frac{9d_2}{TH}}

        = 605000.61+90.10.1+2402500.61+90.10.160 * 500 * 0.6^{1+\frac{9 * 0.1}{0.1}} + 240 * 250 * 0.6^{1+\frac{9 * 0.1}{0.1}}

        = 544.195584

      • VV: The amount of VX mined by the user in the market on a given day

      • MallM_{all}: The sum of market-making points of all users in the market.

      • HH: Total amount of VX released on a given day

      VX mined by the user in one market per day:

      V=MMall0.025HV = \frac{M} { M_{all}} *0.025*H

# Referring as Mining

User can request invitation codes to invite friends to join the ViteX platform.

  • Invitees will enjoy

    • 10% off trading fees;
    • 2.5% of trading rewards in addition;
    • 1.25% of market-making rewards in addition.
  • Inviter will be rewarded with

    • 5% of all invitees’ trading as mining proceeds;
    • 2.5% of their market making as mining proceeds.
  • How to participate:

    • Spend 1,000 VITE to generate a referral code, of which 100% will be burned

As an example, let’s say Bob gets a referral code from Alice. When Bob signs up ViteX using the code and starts trading, he gets 10% off of all trading fees (Base Trading Fee + any applicable Operator Fees) on ViteX. Alice, on the other hand, benefits from Bob’s trading activity as 5% of Bob’s cumulative trading fees count for Alice’s cumulative trading fees. For example, if Bob accrues $100 in trading fees and Alice accrues $200, Alice will effectively have $205 in accumulated trading fees while Bob will have $102.5 as he is rewarded with additional 2.5% of his own trading fees.


If you are a ViteX VIP user (who staked 10,000 VITE to obtain 50% reduction in trading fees) and accepted a referral code, your 10% discount will be applied after the reduction.

# Listing as Mining

ViteX Operators can list trading pairs, customize trading fees, and generate profits from users that choose to trade on their Zone.
For each trading pair listed, the VX reward is then calculated as if a trade involving a trading fee of 1,000 VITE was executed.

For example, Alice is an operator and listed a trading pair. Her listing reward is calculated as follows:

1000TotalTradingFees(VITEMarket)15%DailyReleasedVX\frac {1000} {Total Trading Fees(VITE \ Market)} * 15\% * {Daily Released VX}

# Trading Fee Model

For all trades on ViteX, incomplete orders do not incur any trading fees.

# Trading Fee Formula

Total Trading Fee = Base Trading Fee + Operator Fee

Free Order Placement and Cancellation

Unlike other decentralized exchange, ViteX does not charge fees for order placement or cancellation. However, the user must have sufficient quota to perform the operation. Related link: What is quota.

Base Trading Fee: 0.2%

Base trading fee applies to all trading pairs in ViteX. All base trading fees are put into the dividend pool for further distribution to VX holders.

Operator Fee: 0 - 0.2%

Operator fees are set by ViteX Operators in Operator Zones, ranging from 0% to 0.2%. Proceeds from operator fee belong to the Operators.

# Reducing Trading Fees

# Become a ViteX VIP

  • Stake 10,000 VITE to become a VIP and receive 50% off base trading fee;
  • Stake 1,000,000 VITE to become a Super VIP and receive 100% off base trading fee.

Minimum Staking Duration: 30 days

# Get a Referral Code

  • Use a Referral Code and receive 10% off trading fees.

VIP Uses Referral Code

For any VIP user using a referral code, another 10% will be taken off incurred trading fees after the 50% reduction. For example, Alice is a VIP and uses a referral code, the token pair she trades on has a 0.15% Operator Fee, the final trading fee she receives is: ((0.2%0.1%)+0.05%)90%=0.135%((0.2\% - 0.1\%) + 0.05\%)*90\% = 0.135\%.

# ViteX Operator Guide

ViteX adheres to the principles of openness and transparency. As such, ViteX allows anyone to operate their own decentralized exchanges, called Zones, on ViteX. Within their respective Zones, Operators can list trading pairs, customize trading fees, and generate profits from users that choose to trade on their Zone.

# Token Issuer

An Issuer is classified as anyone who issues a token on the Vite platform. By default, the rights to list a token trading pair belongs to the Issuer. However, the Issuer can transfer rights to their token to other entities (such as an Operator).

For example, Alice issues Token A on the Vite chain. As the Issuer, Alice has the rights to Token A. If Bob wants to list a Token A / BTC trading pair, he will need Alice to first transfer the rights to Token A before he can list.

Token Issuance Fee

The token issuance fee on the Vite chain is 1,000 VITE, which are immediately destroyed.

# ViteX Operator

On-chain functions of the Operators include listing trading pairs and setting trading fees. As mentioned earlier, Operators have the option to set an additional trading fee of up to 0.2% on top of the Base Trading Fee. Additionally, Operators have the right to manage the trading pairs listed on their respective Zones.

Per the example above, if Alice decides to transfer the rights to Token A and allow Bob to list the Token A / BTC trading pair, Bob becomes an Operator. He can then set the trading fee for trades involving Token A / BTC.

# Operator Zone

If an Operator lists several trading pairs, collectively they are considered to be a Zone. The Zone run by an Operator can be thought as a business operation. As such, off-chain, Operators are responsible for promoting and marketing their respective Zones to attract more users and promote their business.

# ViteX Operator Rights

# Token Ownership Rights

By default, the token ownership rights belong to the Issuer. However, the Issuer can transfer the rights to their token to a third party. Once they do so, the third party has full access to the token and can list trading pairs.

  • Listing Trading Pairs

Only the token owner can list trading pairs involving the token he or she owns. At present, only BTC, ETH, USDT or VITE trading pairs can be listed. Attempting to open trading pairs to other cryptocurrencies will be rejected.

Cost of Trading Pair Opening

A cost of 10,000 VITE is charged to open a trading pair. The 10,000 VITE will be immediately destroyed.

  • Transferring Token Ownership

Token ownership can be transferred. The transfer of token ownership is irreversible.

# Token Operating Rights

If an Issuer does not want to fully transfer the ownership rights to his or her token, the Issuer can choose to transfer the Operating Rights instead. For example, the Issuer can first list a trading pair (i.e. Token A / BTC) and transfer the rights to this specific trading pair to a third party. In this case, the third party now has the right to the Token A / BTC pair — they cannot open additional trading pairs to other cryptocurrencies but can transfer their Token A / BTC right to another party should they wish to.

  • Setting Trading Fee

Operators have the right to set an additional trading fee (Operator Fee, on top of the Base Trading Fee) of 0 - 0.2%. Operators also reserve the right to adjust these fees.

  • Trade Suspension

The Operator reserve the right to suspend a trading pair. After they do so, the user cannot place orders involving the given trading pair but can withdraw the order if they already had one in place.

  • Transferring Token Operating Right

Token operating right can be transferred. The new owner will become the Operator of the trading pair. This operation is irreversible.


The token ownership right and token operating right are two independent sets of rights.

For example, Alice is the Issuer of Token A, so by default, she has the token ownership right to Token A. At the moment, only Alice can open trading pairs involving Token A. Now, Alice decides to open a trading pair: Token A / BTC. Now, she has two"sets" of rights: 1) Ownership of Token A and 2) Token A / BTC Operating.

If Alice transfer the right of Token A / BTC to Bob, Alice now no longer has the right to Token A / BTC pair. The transfer of trading rights to Bob is irreversible. However, since Alice still has the token A ownership rights, she decides to open another trading pair of Token A / ETH. Now, if Alice decides to transfer the Token A Ownership right to Charles, she permanently loses that right and can no longer open any additional trading pairs involving Token A. However, Alice still owns the Token A / ETH trading pair despite no longer having the Token A Ownership rights.